We know that, in their simplest form, graffiti and street art date back to prehistoric times, with some of the oldest cave paintings created more than 64,000 years ago, painted by a Neanderthal in Cáceres, Spain. People have used natural surfaces to draw and paint on them since prehistoric times, when handprints and paintings depicting hunting scenes were placed on cave walls to evoke the prosperity and unity of small human communities. What we now call street art is intrinsically different from the above-mentioned murals and dates back to modern times, to the war of the infamous gangs in New York City in the 1920s and 1930s, when labels with names and primitive graffiti began to appear on the streets that marked the territories controlled by gangs. A similar urban climate helped art murals find their way into urban landscapes in the metropolises of Southern California at about the same time.
The well-documented origins of street art come from Philadelphia and especially from New York City. In the 1960s, New York was going through difficult times and was on the verge of bankruptcy. The vast areas of walled buildings, wastelands, closed factories and construction sites became the canvas of a group of creative children, first in Spanish Harlem, which led to the development of a whole form of art ranging from a simple signature to murals that covered entire subway cars. It can be argued that street art, in its earliest form, originated at the dawn of humanity.
Primitive man used rough sketches and drawings as early as 13,000 BC. C. to communicate with each other. The first paintings made by human hands, new research suggests, were sketches of human hands.
And they were not created in Spain or France, but in Indonesia. After his early death, his reputation soared and today, through his paintings and graffiti, Jean-Michel Basquiat is considered one of the first and greatest exponents of visual art in the history of African-American art. Anonymity celebrates the history of street art as mysterious and, at the same time, attracts a lot of positive attention to craftsmanship. Street art, like murals, can be a semi-permanent medium or it can also be applied to outdoor performances or temporary forms of multimedia art.
Reflections on political and social issues usually occupy a central place in street art, ranging from sprayed labels, through stickers and woven fibers that wrap around telephone poles to monumental painted murals that cover entire buildings. Since then, Fairey has created a kind of street art empire, with a fashion line called Obey and major orders for murals in the United States and abroad. However, street art is not limited to painting and markers, since artists use absolutely any type of material and medium available, such as templates, stickers, posters, textiles, LED lights, mosaics or video projection. Often fun and thought-provoking, street art encompasses an extremely wide range of interesting topics and techniques that go beyond traditional graffiti and spray painting.
There are no rules about what can or cannot be used, which is part of what makes street art so special. Since then, this art form has taken hold in the art world and has been validated as a cultural phenomenon, despite the fact that these practices are considered illegal in many cities around the world. Street art is often related to activism, which raises awareness of pressing social and environmental issues. Street art was also deeply rooted in the revolutionary practices of those who identified themselves with various subcultures linked to class, race or gender during this era.
Renowned contemporary artist Barry McGee is considered one of the most important members of the street art movement. Another distinctive feature of both is that street art contains elements related to graphic design and has more to do with images, while graffiti always has a text-based theme in the act of labeling and labeling. A big change occurred in the late 1990s and early 2000s, when street art ceased to be considered property damage and vandalism and began to be accepted by the public. These are just two names of many of the original pioneers of the street art movement who helped make it what it is today.